Pre-Orders and Mass Production
Last year started off with the impressive news that over 200,000 home models of the E-Cat were on pre-order. Keep in mind that Rossi does not accept pre-payment for his devices. On January 20, he corresponded with Frank Acland at E-Cat World , telling him that he did not anticipate any problem in meeting a huge demand because his licensee, Industrial Heat, is prepared for mass production. He told Acland:
“Priority will not be a big issue, because when we will decide to put the domestic E-Cat in the market it will be produced in big numbers, so that it is likely that the delivery term will not be a big issue.”
Rossi has said from the beginning of his long journey that he wants his devices to be affordable, easily maintained, and capable of being mass produced.
By the end of January, more of the international media was beginning to loosen up and pay attention to LENR. Shunned for decades as being a pseudo-science, cold fusion, now reborn as LENR, gained the notice of the UK technology magazine Wired. In its article about Rossi and LENR, Wired refers to the results of an independent test in October of 2014 which reported uncharacteristically high production of heat and the presence of nuclear reaction. Wired then goes on to report on other experiments in LENR, and ends its article with the encouragement to watch this science, as it promises to be a game changer. This article made enough of an impact on readers that it was shared nearly 2000 times on social media.
Duplication of Results
Another scientist, Prof. Alexander Parkhomov of Moscow State University, successfully replicated Rossi’s work. He claimed to have produced 2.74 times the energy invested in the reaction. He then went on to present his work at the Research Institute for Nuclear Power Plant Operation in Moscow.
One of the greatest handicaps to the development of LENR or cold fusion is that so few scientists have been able to replicate reported results. Rossi has, understandably, kept his IP, or intellectual property, closely guarded. Parkhomov, however, built as close to a replica of the E-Cat as he could devise, and reported significant results. He shared his work with other scientists. Jack Cole, a researcher in the United States, has also built an E-Cat with 11% excess heat production. While Cole is not a well-known scientist, the fact remains that replication is occurring.
A New Website
The middle of February ushered in a new website for Andrea Rossi, as well as the long-awaited pictures of his 1 MW LENR power plant. These pictures confirmed the claims that the power plant is self-contained, and that the containers can be combined for additional power.
Reports of Electricity Production
While the production of heat is a much anticipated benefit of LENR, the big news came on February 20, when Rossi announced that they had produced electricity with the Hot Cat. The Hot Cat produces heat in excess of 800C, and apparently creates electricity via the Carnot Cycle.
Ups and Downs
In March of 2015, a book about Rossi and his invention hit the markets. “Hot-Cat 2.0: How last generation E-Cats are made” is written by Vessela Nikolova and Eng Roberto Ventola. In this book, the authors reveal a “sophisticated apparatus” that can revolutionize heat and electricity production.
A week after the book was released, Parkhomov was interviewed by Russia 1 TV channel. This is the state-owned television and radio company, and boasts the second largest viewership in the country. This event, along with the book release by Nikolova and Ventola, and the earlier article by Wired, are welcome developments, hopefully signaling that the media is ready to affirm this scientific endeavor.
A mere week after his interview with Russia 1, Parkhomov announces that he, also, has achieved continuous operation with is copy of the E-Cat. His unit ran for 3 days, much as in early tests of Rossi’s first long-term test. This replication is crucial in the scientific community for verification of scientific experimentation.
On the last day of March, Rossi announced that he was collaborating with Norman Cook, a Mainstream physicist, to produce a theoretical paper that explains the E-Cat. This is significant, because Rossi has been very protective of his IP throughout the entire process of R&D.
The only discouraging development of the first quarter of 2015 was the denial of a patent. While termed as a “final rejection,” Rossi still has 60 days to rebut and present new evidence to prove the viability of the E-Cat design. The patent is ultimately issued on Aug. 25.